Pre Menstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Ayurveda

Pre Menstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Ayurveda

Let's begin by exploring the biology of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and how Ayurveda understands it.

What is PMS?

    • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a set of physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the days leading up to a woman’s menstrual period.
    • These symptoms can vary widely, affecting some women mildly and others more intensely.
    • Approximately 3 out of 4 menstruating women experience some form of PMS.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is influenced by a combination of factors. Let’s explore the key contributors:

  1. Hormonal Fluctuations:
    • PMS symptoms arise due to hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle.
    • Estrogen and Progesterone: These hormones fluctuate throughout the month.
      • Estrogen levels rise before ovulation and drop afterward.
      • Progesterone levels increase after ovulation.
    • These hormonal shifts can impact mood, energy, and physical well-being.
  2. Brain Chemicals (Neurotransmitters):
    • Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that affects mood, appetite, and sleep.
      • During PMS, serotonin levels may decrease.
      • Low serotonin is linked to mood swings, irritability, and food cravings.
    • Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA): Regulates anxiety and stress.
      • Reduced GABA levels during PMS can lead to anxiety.
    • Endorphins: Natural painkillers and mood enhancers.
      • PMS may alter endorphin levels, affecting pain perception and mood.
  3. Inflammation and Immune Response:
    • Some studies suggest that inflammation plays a role in PMS.
    • Immune system changes may contribute to symptoms like bloating and breast tenderness.
  4. Genetics and Individual Differences:
    • PMS susceptibility varies among women.
    • Genetic factors influence how hormones and neurotransmitters interact.
    • Some women are more sensitive to hormonal fluctuations.
  5. Lifestyle and Stress:
    • Stress: Chronic stress worsens PMS symptoms.
    • Diet: High salt intake may lead to fluid retention.
    • Caffeine and Alcohol: These can exacerbate symptoms.
    • Exercise: Regular physical activity may alleviate PMS.
  6. Psychosocial Factors:
    • Emotional Stress: Anxiety, depression, and life events impact PMS.
    • Social Support: Strong social networks may mitigate symptoms.

Remember, PMS is common, and understanding its causes helps manage symptoms effectively. 🌸

There are a number of aspects of Ayurveda that can be useful in managing premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Let's explore some of these aspects:

  1. Tridosha Imbalance:
    • Ayurveda believes that PMS symptoms vary based on the underlying imbalance of the three doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.
    • Each dosha manifests distinct symptoms during the premenstrual phase.
  2. Types of PMS and Their Symptoms:
    • Vata-Type PMS:
      • Symptoms: Anxiety, nervous tension, mood swings, feeling “spaced out.”
      • Recommendations: Grounding practices, warm nourishing foods, and calming herbs.
    • Pitta-Type PMS:
      • Symptoms: Anger, irritation, intensity.
      • Recommendations: Cooling foods, relaxation techniques, and stress reduction.
    • Kapha-Type PMS:
  3. Herbal Remedies:
    • Ginger: Anti-inflammatory properties help control bloating.
    • Ginkgo Biloba: Improves blood circulation and reduces fluid retention.
  4. Lifestyle Changes:

An important point to remember about Ayurveda is that it emphasizes holistic approaches tailored to the nature of each individual.

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